Les associations de marqueurs discursifs – De
la cooccurrence libre à la collocation
The question of the syntagmatic combinatorics of words
belonging to the classes commonly addressed by grammatical tradition
(such as nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs) has been a subject of
sustained reflection for several decades. The situation is different
for discourse markers (DMs), which have gained substantial interest
only recently (toward the end of the 1990s). This article takes as its
starting point the idea that DMs are subject to the same types of
syntagmatic associations as words belonging to the "ordinary"
classes. By analogy with these classes, three types of syntagmatic
associations are distinguished in the domain of DMs: the free
discursive co-occurrence, the fixed expression (or discursive
locution), and the semi-fixed expression (or discursive collocation).
Of these types of word associations, the semi-fixed expression proves
the most original and the most delicate to examine. It is therefore
spe-cifically analyzed in this text, namely through a study of one
marker in particular: don ([dɔ̃]).