"Vordergründig war ich für die gar nicht
Zur sprachlichen Repräsentation von Geschlecht
This contribution argues for an investigation of gender in an interactive
multicausal framework with multiple social identities. Depending on the
participants' communicative goals, these social identities are highlighted
or attributed to the background. Part I analyses the linguistic means the
German language offers for the linguistic representation of gender and
occupation and illustrates how these means are employed to reconstruct
the corresponding identities. In German, speakers can represent their gender
identity explicitly by (1) gender-specific lexical items and gender-specific
collocations, and (2) adding the gender-specific morpheme -in to
occupation. Part II adapts the results obtained to a discursive frame of
reference based on the communication act plus/minus-validity claim,
i.e. speakers postulating validity claims which are ratified by hearers.
Thus, coparticipants negotiate the communicative status of validity claims.
Interlocutors have a dual function: firstly, they represent the discourse-inherent
category of discourse identity, and secondly, the discourse-creating category
of coparticipant. Here, the social indexes of gender and occupation represent
valdity claims and therefore require ratification. If they are accepted
they are assigned a presuppositional status and do not have to be made
explicit any longer. If they are rejected they initiate a negotiation-of-validity
sequence. For this reason, the explication of social indexes at a later
stage in discourse indicates that the corresponding communicative
status is at stake.